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Types of epilepsyTTypes of epilepsyTypes of epilepsyEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00ZElizabeth J. Donner, MD, FRCPC​12.000000000000023.0000000000000416.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Read about three types of epilepsy (symptomatic, cryptogenic and idiopathic) and suggested treatment. </p><p>Sometimes, epilepsy is caused by a specific brain injury or abnormality that is visible on an MRI or CT scan or by a metabolic disorder. Because the epilepsy is a symptom of another problem, it is called symptomatic epilepsy. </p> <p>In other forms of epilepsy, there is no apparent underlying cause. This kind of epilepsy is called idiopathic epilepsy.</p> <p>When it is not clear what is causing the seizures, but doctors suspect that there is some underlying brain or chemical abnormality, the epilepsy is called cryptogenic. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul><li>Idiopathic epilepsy is epilepsy with no clear underlying cause, such as benign neonatal convulsions, childhood absence epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.</li> <li>Symptomatic epilepsy is caused by known damage to the brain or an underlying disease such as a brain tumour, stroke or metabolic disorder.</li> <li>Cryptogenic epilepsy is epilepsy without an obvious cause. </li> <li>Idiopathic and cryptogenic epilepsy are usually controlled with medications. Symptomatic epilepsy is controlled by treating the underlying cause with medications and/or surgery.</li></ul>





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